By Farshid S. Garmaroudi

Farshid is studying PhD program in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at UBC and is currently working on Intracellular Signaling Networks in Cardiotropic Enteroviral Infections. He is quite content to be studying in Vancouver in which is surrounded by spectacular natural beauty. When not looking for signaling components in an infected cell lysis, Farshid likes being outdoors, playing volleyball, running, and spending time with his family.


Introduction: Influenza remains an important disease in humans and animals. In contrast to measles, smallpox and poliomyelitis, influenza is caused by viruses that undergo continuous antigenic change and that possess an animal reservoir. Thus, new epidemics and pandemics are likely to occur in the future, and eradication of the disease will be difficult to achieve. Although it is not clear whether a new pandemic is imminent, it would be prudent to take into account the lessons we have learned from studying different human and animal influenza viruses. Influenza has long been with us; indeed, the name itself refers to the…