By jacobhaqqmisra

Jacob Haqq-Misra is a graduate student of meteorology and astrobiology at Penn State University with an unnatural affinity for random numbers. He also has an interest in the history and development of religion, and its interplay with the natural sciences. His current research activities include the climate of early Mars, habitable zones around stars, and paleopiracy. He shamelessly plugs for his blog at


Appraise war in terms of the fundamental factors. —Sun Tzu The card game of war is typically considered a children’s game, as it requires no skill to play and minimal understanding of playing card relationships in a standard deck. With skill eliminated as a factor in determining the outcome, it is often assumed that war is simply a random game of chance. Yet the game cannot be purely determined by chance, as the initial conditions of the game must have some bearing on the final state. The existence of random factors in the game do not allow for the claim…